STEP 4: Develop and Prioritize Approaches
After gaps have been identified in Step 3, a college can move to the step of identifying approaches that will address the gaps – making sure that the proposed strategies map to improvement of the goals established in Step 1. In this stage, the college should find the CBD Design Principles a useful frame of reference for strategies to increase momentum and reduce current loss points. While not prescriptive in terms of specific strategies, the Design Principles encourage colleges to utilize their unique evolutionary paths of innovating to improve outcomes as well as incorporate specific cultural components that may not be in place at other colleges.
When prioritizing approaches, the colleges may find it useful to think about issues of impact and leverage. One cautionary tale is to make sure that strategies and proposed changes don’t continue to “innovate on the margins” – making either tiny changes to the existing structure for most or all students, or fairly larger changes to small groups of students, thus leaving the dominant structural paradigm for most students relatively unchanged.
Step 4: Develop and Prioritize Approaches has a set of activities which will be tailored given the goal.
- Determine potential strategies to address major gaps, including pros and cons
- Determine early estimates of what it would take to enact strategies
- Prioritize strategies based on potential benefits v. costs/challenges
Pathway Design Principles
These eight design principles draw from research, practice, and participating colleges’ experience during the planning phase. While there is no single model for a completion pathway – defined as an integrated set of institutional policies, practices, and programs intended to maximize students’ likelihood of completing a credential – these principles can help inform the choices colleges make when designing their pathways. Creating systemic change requires attention to these principles, but colleges must strategically implement them based on their local context and students’ needs.
Download the Pathway Design Principles
Applied Inquiry Framework for Student Completion: Principles of Redesign
Presents eight core ideas to help colleges address the fundamental challenges to student success.
View Framework Website
Download NCII Inquiry Guides- Principles of Redesign: Promising Approaches to Transforming Student Outcomes
- Step 4: How to Develop and Prioritize Different Approaches to Your Problems or Opportunities